The ancient area known as Yeri town in the northwest of Pirasmian village is located 31 km east of Meshgin city along the Qara-Su River. The area is historically 400 hectares and consists of three parts: military fortress, temple and Ghosha Tapeh. The fortress and temple dates back to 1450 BC and the hills to the 7th millennium BC.
For the first time around 10 years before the Islamic Revolution, Charles Bernie explored the site, and from 1383 to 1385, three drilling rigs under the supervision of Alireza Hojbari Noubri were carried out.
During the first drilling season that began in November 83, the Iron Age graves were explored, which were previously destroyed by antique dealers and only the construction of graves was known. During this period, the clay loaves of the Kalkolik period were discovered and the region dates back to 3500 years since the Iron Age. These pottery are similar to the clay of Dalmatian and Haji Firuz. Thus, for the first time, the human habitat in the province of Ardabil has reached its age. Some pottery was painted and some with a basket design. A number of double layer ceramics were also discovered in drilling, which is likely to be the second layer of pottery used to repair broken pieces of pottery.
In the Yeri region, a large number of glass-winning glasses (obsidian) were discovered, which could be evidence of the association of this region with the Caucasus and Anatolia because the history of the extraction of this type of rock is known in these areas. Obsidian was used to cut hard rock during the calcic period.
In the Yeri region, several historical periods of Copper-Stone, Iron Age 1, and Iron Age 2 were discovered and remnants of a castle belonging to the Iron Age were discovered.
In the next chapter of the excavation, in 84, there were remnants of pottery, bronze, and human relics that archaeologists regarded as nests belonging to the temple. One of these two temples was located under the defensive wall of the castle. Archaeologists have concluded that they have turned their religion away from the religion of Urartui, which residents of the city of Yeri built on the temple of the castle, and accepted the god Urrudi (Khalidi). Of course this may be optional or compulsory.
During this drilling season, a layer was also discovered under the inner courtyard of the castle, which belonged to the deserted and older hordes. Some of the purple brown clay and hot and black pottery were also discovered in this area that belong to the Iron Age.
In the third chapter of the excavation, it became clear that during the Urartuan period, the castle was burnt down and abandoned. The presence of ash in the layers of the castle soil represents the castle’s fire. Thus, sequences of human life from 7,000 to the Urartuan period in the city of Yeri were sequenced. This season, a large number of crockery, golden objects such as pendants, ornamental buttons and golden and bronze plaques were discovered.
Temple regional management in this chapter unearthed, which includes more than 300 stone raised to different heights from 35 to 250 cm forms Ansanyhstndv shapes carved on stones are identical and contain either one (no mouth), hand and sword.
This area certainly did not have a one-year deployment. Charles Bernie considers it as coinciding with the Achaemenids but beyond the boundaries of their government. Ingramham and Summers have considered it to be the pre-first millennium. Due to the lack of pottery alongside the stone, it is not possible to give a precise view of the time of the stone, but they are the middle of the second millennium to the middle of the first millennium as the best period for the stone. The grave architecture is related to Iron Age 2.
In other parts of Azerbaijan, there are also stone foundations such as the Rock of the Afrasht Lakht Ban Sarab, but none of them are carvings.
In the west, there is a cemetery rock gathering that local residents named Qaryakhabl. In front of it, several boulders have been put together and three excavations in the ancient Yeri region were completed in the year 84.
The Director General of Ardabil’s Cultural Heritage, in the year 84 visited the district, announced that in 85 years, the city of Yeri will be designated and this ancient region will be national and international. However, in August 2006, the archeological research of the region was closed down. He announced in August of this year that the design of the protective structure will be carried out with a credit of 20 million USD, while this will require a budget of 100 million USD. In any case, by the end of the year 86, no action had been taken to protect the limestone.
The region of Yerevan, the most extensive historical district of the province of Ardebil and one of the most important prehistoric regions of northwestern Iran, was registered at No. 6162. But because of the lack of protection from the cold unprecedented winter of 86 stone raised under attack, and on January 86 with a sub-program television news channel was announced that 80% of the historical objects of management of frost is gone . In fact, one of the most valuable and unparalleled ancient works of Iran and the world was lost due to the responsibility of the Cultural Heritage Organization and is not restored in any way.
Is a mobile species of wildlife and wildlife, especially migratory birds.
2. Aquatic fish, especially native fish, are highly dependent on the lagoon to reproduce and complete their livelihood.
3. Survival and survival of many rare and endangered species of aquatic birds such as Siberia are dependent on the lagoon.
4 – as a flood control in the area and prevents flooding.
5- The maintenance of plant nutrients, including phosphorus and nitrogen, in the lagoon and, therefore, is a food store.
6. It plays a key role in the microclimat stabilization of the region.
7. Harvesting and catching aquatic animals and birds from the economic values of the wetland.
8- As a tourism area with ecotourist values in the province and for income generation region.
9. Wetlands will preserve biodiversity in the region.
10- Can be considered as a natural environment with different plant and animal species for the students and students of the region.
Pet-e-Khur wetland as a Siberian habitat site
The Siberian Sea is protected in accordance with international regulations and is subject to Appendix 1 of the CITIES, and in terms of regulations, the IUCN is one of the most severely endangered species. This bird in the migration route has short-lived rest camps, which may be in Iran, Lundwill, Astara, or Petah Khor, in the province of Ardabil, as the case may be. The Siberian Immigration Satellite Tracking in March 1996, conducted by an expert on the International Organization for the Supportive of Siberian Protectivity (ICPO), in collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency, was first observed on Siberia on March 8, 1996, in the Petoukhor Wetland. . According to the expert of the Siberian Research Center, this wetland is the most suitable habitat for temporary rest breaks.
The historic city was first identified and reviewed in 1978 by the Charles Barney delegation. He believed that the life of some of the works of this region reaches the third millennium BC Iron Age, gray pottery, pebble pottery and orange pottery. Some archaeologists have estimated the site as 9,000 years old, believing that human-shaped stones are about 7,000 BC.
Near the area, monuments with monotonous rocks from the faces of people who do not have mouths, whose dimensions vary from 40 centimeters to 2 meters, with an approximate number of more than 100, are seen. At present, only seven pieces of this type of rock found in the Turkish Kurdish Hermitage area and one piece have been found in the Azerbaijani capital of Kupuzhestan. So far, about 450 graves have been identified in this area. Charles Bernie saw the history of the majority of these graves in the second and first millennium BC, and even predicted that this date would reach one thousand years earlier, the third millennium BC, but did not identify works of the bronze age, and therefore insisted on this theory Not until the excavations carried out by Dr. Nobari’s Board in December 2003 brought valuable valuables from the graves, which are currently held at Khalkhal Archaeological Museum.
Unfortunately, despite all the importance of this ancient city, as it should be protected from different parts of it. Windy storms and storms are among the most important threats to the ancient artifacts of the area. The temple’s protected area has been completely destroyed by storm weather. The extreme cold of winter is also another threat to the scum of the region, which can destroy the valuable works of this region.
Historical city of Yeri is one of the most prominent places in the city of Ardabil.
The best time to visit the historic city of Ardabil is spring.
where is it
Ardabil, historic city of Yeri
How to go
By car: From Tehran you drive about 536 kilometers from Tehran through a private car and cross the cities of Karaj, Qazvin, Zanjan, and on the way to Ardebil, and from there you can get to the city and the village of Souks and then to the historical city of Ardabil Come up
Public Transportation: Buses from Tehran terminals are routinely traveled to Khalkhal every day. Also the nearest airport in Ardebil is available through Ardebil Arrivals. You must rent a car from Ardebil to go to the historic city of Ardabil.
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Access to vehicles: unknown
Invalid wheelchair access: unknown
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Duration: 35 minutes
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